The decrease in sperm count reduces the chances of impregnating your partner. According to Sperm Analysis Arizona, male factor infertility is among the main factors causing infertility, which accounts for 40% of male infertility cases. The diagnosis also helps in detecting varicocele in men. Varicocele is a condition where the affected male has an enlarged vein in their left testicle. Fertility treatment center Scottsdale performs numerous tests to determine male infertility. Their skilled andrologists and physicians are trained in every analysis and screening to ensure that their results are reliable.
- Semen analysis
One of the primary diagnoses done in semen analysis test is determining whether an individual has a low sperm count. Sperm count is usually determined through the examination of semen under a microscope. The process entails observing the number of sperms appearing within squares on a grid pattern. On other instances, a computer is used in measuring sperm count. It is important to note that it takes 42 to 76 days for the testicles to produce new and mature sperm. Therefore, the semen analysis is a reflection of an individual’s environment for the past three months. Among the leading causes of low sperm count is an improper or incomplete collection of the sample, as well as fluctuation of sperm count. These factors force the doctors to use numerous semen samples in a duration of time to detect consistency between the samples.
- Semen analysis results
The density of a normal sperm ranges from 15 million to 200 million sperm per every milliliter of sperm. An individual is said to have low sperm count if he has a total of fewer than 39 million sperms per ejaculation or less than 15 million sperm per milliliter. An individual’s chances of impregnating their partner decrease with decrease in sperm count. There are some cases where the men have zero sperm count; a condition referred to as azoospermia. In this case, the chances of getting their partners pregnant only possible through medication.
The initial finding dictates whether the doctor will need more tests to identify the cause of an individual’s sperm count and other underlying causes of male infertility. Some of the additional tests include:
- Scrotal ultrasound- the test utilizes high-frequency sound waves to examine both the testicles and other supporting structures.
- Hormone testing- it entails taking a blood test to determine the level of hormones produced by both the testicles and the pituitary gland. These hormones play a critical role in the production of sperm, as well as in sexual development.
- Post-ejaculation urinalysis- the presence of sperm in the urine is an indicator that the sperm produced during ejaculation is not traveling out through the penis but rather back into the bladder. This condition is also referred to as retrograde ejaculation.
- Testicular biopsy- the process entails using a needle to remove some samples from the testicles. The results obtained are used in the identification of whether there is a healthy production of sperm. In case the results indicate average production, then it would mean that there is blockage affecting the normal transportation of the sperm.
There are numerous infertility problems that can hinder a male from impregnating their partner. One of these reasons is zero sperm count, a condition also known as azoospermia. All these conditions can be treated either through surgery, treatment of sexual intercourse related problems, medications and hormone treatments and use of assisted reproductive technology.